Rabindranath Tagore was a spokesperson of Indian Culture(Bhartiya Sanskriti). The youngest son to the Devendra Nath Thakur who is the father of Rabindra Nath Thakur was born on Monday, 7th May 1861 in a lavish house located at Jorasanko-Calcutta now Kolkata biggest city in the country and the capital of India previously. Rabindra Nath Thakur called as the preceptor of poets. Rabindra Nath Thakur’s father sage Devendra Nath Thakur was the founder of Adi Brahma Samaj, a branch of the Brahma Samaj.
Early Life of the Rabindranath Tagore biography
Edward Thomson said about Ravindra Nath Thakur “All the surging tides of Indian Renaissance flowed around his daily life. Ravindra Nath residence was the meeting place of famous literary figures, musicians and artists of Indian country. It was here Tagore influenced with many majestic personalities led him with poetic potentialities.
“Rabindranath Tagore family” members are Debendra Nath is his father, Sarada Devi is a mother. He is the spokesperson of Bhartiya Sanskriti. He is the youngest son in the family. Ravindranath Tagore’s oldest brother’s name was Dwijendranath.
Rabindranath Tagore education completed in UCL Faculty of Laws, University of Calcutta, St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata, St. Xavier’s Collegiate School, Presidency University.
“Rabindranath Tagore children”, Rathindranath Tagore is his son, Renuka Tagore his daughter, Shamindranath Tagore is a child and Madhurilata Tagore and Meera Tagore are younger daughters.
Tagore’s exalted poet writers in his memorable work “Jeevan-Smriti”. Tagore felt happy when his father expressed consent for his son to the Himalayas tour and he felt joy with full of energy. He was accompanied by his father. Traveling to the Himalayas is far from city Calcutta.
Tagore learned Shloka of the Upanishads to his visit to Calcutta. As a result, the Shlokas and Upanishads become the center of the whole life of Tagore. Ravindranath influenced by the prose writing of the Banking Chand Chattopadhyay and the poetry of Bihari Lal.
Ravindra attracted to English Romantic poets when he was going to London to pursue his studies under the guidance of Henry Morley at the age of 17 at London University.
The all-round genius of Ravindra Nath Thakur works
Ravindra Nath Thakur is a poet and with his multi-directional poetic-genius, he enlightened the world over 70 years. He wrote his first poem at the age of just seven years and continued till his death in 1941. His literary contributions are familiar and say devoted life is needed for mankind. Count Keyserling said, Tagore, is the most universal encompassing human beings, who I have ever met.
He is the personality with “fusion of different aspects of Indian culture”. This is the reason, a unique combination of Tagore’s different thoughts and religions seen in his unprecedented poetic works such as Vaishnavism, Buddhist Philosophy, Christianity, etc. Unprecedented The personality of Tagore.
Rabindranath Tagore Nobel prize received for the work in Literature in 1913. His languages are Bengali and English. Tagore famous publishes are Gitanjali, Mrinalini Devi, Works of Rabindranath Tagore.
The first thinker and talk of humanism happened with a Greek philosopher. He said a man is the measure of all things. In nineteenth-century French philosopher, Auguste Comte revived humanism. In humanism, saying, world and values are more important. Humanists do not believe in any spiritual values.
Tagore took inspiration from the Vedantic tradition and accepted the man is inseparable part of god.
The first stage of Ravindra Nath’s humanism
Temples and mosques are the great places to the way of god. Tagore said he was deaf when pandits surround him. The Bayul Cult believes worldly tradition, rituals, and any prevalent traditions. They believe Love is the magic stone that transforms pleasure or pain into renunciation.
The humanism of Ravindra Nath is the school of the thoughts of the Bay and the Sufi Cults. The bridge of love is endless between man and God. In his humanism, Tagore said, a man should seek perfect wisdom and love from god. The perfect love evolves into Bhakti or called devotion.
After Chandi Das, Tagore said that the residence of God is the human body in his first stage of humanism.
The second stage of Ravindra Nath’s humanism
In early childhood, Ravindra Nath influenced by the Upanishads. In his writings he addressed God, the Almighty is the personification of mother and fathers said by giving references of Bhagwat Gita. God, to who we can take the instructions by bow before him and serving his as a curious seeker.
As we are inquisitive and seek God’s help who is a man like us. Tagore Veha-Sukta, says, O Sun the lone tourist, stop your rays, and release your unparalleled beauty, and let me achieve a person I am, who shines within you.
The person may think that God is the master of far placed heaven but the earthly man can never achieve divine hood and should not thing to be a God. But people try to remove the impediment between God and humanity. Ravindra Nath deposed such ideas.
He says a man is the spark of the Celestial Light. Man is great, possesses intelligence and triumphed over nature. Man bears the crown of animal and vegetable kingdoms. The purpose of human existence is the possession of free will. Nature is headed by the law of control but man is free from governance. This freedom tells a man is not only the receiver but also a creator.
Tagore urged as a creature, the man possesses a sense of wonder and inquisitiveness must become an artist and inventor. Man’s life is not just like living being but it should like a super living being.
He’s one of the poems says I am restless, I am thirsty for long. From Upanishads, Man is satisfied with just part but whole. Believe the man’ unprecedented creation by the Creator
The Third stage of Ravindra Nath’s humanism
We see his third stage of humanism in his collections of poetry. Ravindranath likes a self-respecting heart. In his poem Sadhana says, the meaning of the unlimited God found in nature, society, family, and experience through wisdom, love, and service at every step.
O thou lord of all heaven, where wouldst be thy love if I were not? Thou hasn’t taken me as thy partner of all this wealth. In my heart is the endless play of Thy delight. In my life, they will be taking shape. An anxious person to get a clear view, the answer to this question is to give the existence of man to make use out of the existence of God.
The Gist of Ravindra-philosophy
“The Religion of Man” is the best book on Religion and Philosophy written by Ravindra Nath Tagore. He has established in detail about his Humanist Theism in this book. The book is for not rejecting the God of Principals but by keeping human-existence and the Existence of God in one authority.
Ravindranath Philosophy is God is in the soul of man. To characterize his love, he depends upon the devotion and the love of man. Otherwise, When a man’s I and Mine crosses the limits then he believes that I am included in you.