Jawaharlal nehru was the first Indian Prime Minister. He was an Indian activity. A rare thinker full of human susceptibilities is a politician and a genius of many sides. He won the love of people of India and around the globe at large. Nehru a central figure of India during Independence.
The great politician and humanitarian Nehru honored with ‘Bharat Ratna’. He cast his light on Indian origin for a long period. He fixed a place for himself in the history of social thought. Scientifically, his thought process is a special feature.
Pandit Jawaharlal nehru death happened on 27th May 1964 with a Heart attack at New Delhi. ‘Jawaharlal Nehru mother name’ Swaruprani Thussuwas a well known Kashmiri Brahmin and her family settled in Lahore. ‘Jawaharlal Nehru family tree’
|Indira Gandhi||Jawaharlal Nehru Daughter|
|Rajiv Gandhi||Grand Son|
|Rahul Gandhi||Great GrandSon|
|Gangadhar Nehru||Grand Father|
|Priyanka Gandhi||Great Grand Daughter|
|Varun Gandhi||Great Grandson|
|Brij Lal Nehru||Cousin|
|Lakshmi Narayan||Great Grandfather|
Jawaharlal Nehru Born and Education
He was born on November 14th, 1889. Nehru’s father is Moti Lal Nehru. He became a member of the Theosophical Society at the age of 13. Nehru education completed at the Harrow School and Trinity College, Cambridge, England. Here he was influenced by ideas of Meredith. After education, he started barrister practice at the High Court, Allahabad. These days, he associated with Annie Besant and took part in the formation of the Home Rule League.
Nehru met Gandhiji at Lucknow Congress meet organized in 1916. He was married 1916 and after was blessed with a daughter named Indira Priyadarshini.
When India was freed from the foreign rule, Nehru was elected as Prime Minister of India on May 27th, 1964. Modern India is highly thankful to Jawahar Lal Nehru. However, as Mahatma Gandhi said to Indians to understand themselves and Nehru taught to understand others too.
Mahatma Gandhi is called the father of modern India while Nehru the architect of Modern India.
jawaharlal nehru contribution to India: He made Indian democracy strong and worked hard to give everybody human dignity and equality. He leads Indian masses towards political, cultural and economic stagnation and encourages people to run to achieve progress. His contribution towards the field of economy gave progress to India. Especially his five-year plan for the zest of democracy and socialism changed the face of India.
India occupies its international status in the community of nations. Nehru raised his voice against, colonialism, neo-colonialism, imperialism, etc. and injustice. He made strong bonds of friendship and cooperation with different countries. That way the world recognized him as a friend of humanity.
Nehru’s motto is service of the society was the religion. He was always inspired when people get the welfare of human society. Nehru’s commitment to democracy, equal opportunity and the self-respect of the individual made him a unique humanistic philosopher.
For Nehru, religion defined, religion means good character, truthfulness and love and care with a clear heart. He said religion is the direction into goodness. Nehru’s book ‘Unity of India’ says have a secular view is enough for most people.
Crooked ways are never useful in the long run and they may even look profitable for a short time. Nehru satisfied philosophy which was appealed to his scientific mind. Nehru convinced if the person does good the outcome is good if do bad the outcome is bad which was unexpected.
Nehru said democracy is made of good manners of persons, was the best instrument for governing people. But it was not stable rather dynamic with more changes and extensive. Democracy means it is not a type of government but it is a way of life that everybody thinks freely and develops capabilities and capacities. The dignity of man was responsible to be a responsible democrat. He agreed public be a partner in everything.
Jawaharlal nehru five requisites for the success of democracy
1) Conditions of vigilant public opinion 2) Abuse of everyday jobs in the citizens 3) Self-discipline of group 4) Toleration of thoughts of other populace, particularly of those who are opposed us 5) Material wealth of humanity
The principle of non-alignment is the greatest gift of jawahallal nehru to the world. The principle of non-alignment is not new under the International Law, during both peace and war. The special feature of Nehru’s contribution was, he gave a positive character to his non-alignment principle.
The world powers had divided into two camps after the second world war, one camp was-the communist camp and second was the capitalist camp. I joining in any camp meant to lose one’s freedom of forming won policies.
Therefore, Jawahar decided not to join any camp and to work as a bridge between the two to strengthening the peace between two camps. During, Nehru adopted a foreign policy to proceed with a peace movement, and more than one hundred countries of the world joined it.
The idea of non-alignment advocated by Nehru helps to find solutions to the burning problems of worldwide. Some of the nations did not adopted the policy of non-alignment but think over the problem impartially and tried to find solutions.
Moreover, the non-adoption policy nations helped in adverse circumstances to strengthen justice. As far as Nehru’s foreign policy concern, he explicitly declared that the principle of non-alignment was not a permanent one and there was enough room for flexibility.
For all these reasons, hence he called as a worshiper of peace and called an ambassador of peace in India and other countries.
Nehru believes the path of violence was dangerous and the freedom cannot take place when the violence stays. The emotions of violence make people weak. Violence does not have faith in democracy.
Nehru had a deep love for life and human society and wish to see them wealthy. He avoids blood-stained wars which cause serious problems and no use of bringing solutions.
Apart from being a political leader, social and economic thinker, Nehruji was a high-class author, a prose writer. The Discovery of India and Glimpses of World History are the two books written by Nehru. These books are with a poetic touch, witness Nehru’s sentimentalism, emotionalism, and sympathetic attitude. His expression of ideas are very clear and had high control over the language.
The celebrity of India’s old culture and an influential person, Nehru is a great scholar too. He was well acquainted with the world with different facets.
The 5 famous principles of Panchsheel followed by Jawaharlal nehru
- Respect each other’s territorial holiness
- Noninterference into internal matters of one another
- Similarity and mutual benefit
- Peaceful co-existence
In conclusion, Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru was a genius and worshiper of peace. He is the man of rich personality and all were present in him, a politician, an economist, a literary person, thinker etc. His attitude is like the fragrance of flowers. M.N Das said about Nehru, His humanism and liberality are fostered by inner respect for the individual self. Finally, he was India’s ornament and ‘Bharat Ratna’.
‘Jawaharlal Nehru books’ 1) The Discovery of India 2) Glimpses of World History 3) An Autobiography 4) Letters from a Father to his Daughter 5) Selected Works of Jawaharlal Nehru 6) Recent Essay and Writings on the Future on India Communalism and Other Subjects 7) Before Freedom: Nehru’s Letters to his Sister etc.
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